Knauss Introduction To Physical Oceanography Pdf 16 Fixed
This textbook is comprehensive for an undergraduate textbook. It covers a diverse set of topics in physical oceanography and goes into some detail on several topics. Some of the more recent advances in the last decade in observational oceanography...read more
knauss introduction to physical oceanography pdf 16
This textbook is comprehensive for an undergraduate textbook. It covers a diverse set of topics in physical oceanography and goes into some detail on several topics. Some of the more recent advances in the last decade in observational oceanography as well as modeling are not updated yet.
This is a great text for an undergraduate upper division course. It would need to be updated on a regular basis to stay current with the field. I would recommend this text to someone teaching a physical oceanography course.
This textbook covers physical-oceanographic processes, theories, data, and measurements, targeted at upper-division undergraduates and graduate students in oceanography, meteorology, and ocean engineering. In addition to the classical topics, the author includes discussions of heat fluxes, the role of the ocean in climate, the deep circulation, equatorial processes including El Nino, data bases used by oceanographers, the role of satellites and data from space, ship-based measurements, and the importance of vorticity in understanding oceanic flows. Students should have studied differential equations and introductory college physics, although math is de-emphasized.
The sixth edition of Descriptive Physical Oceanography provides an introduction to descriptive physical oceanography for advanced undergraduates and graduate students. The emphasis is on large-scale oceanography, based mainly in observations, with some topics from waves and coastal oceanography also included. Topics include the physical properties of seawater, heat and salt budgets, instrumentation, data analysis methods, introductory dynamics, oceanography and climate variability of each of the oceans and of the global ocean, and brief introductions to the physical setting, waves, and coastal oceanography.
Introduction to physical oceanography & climate EPS 131. Times: Monday, Thursday 14:30-16:00; Location: University Museum, 24 Oxford - 105 (Daly Seminar Room) Eli Tziperman Museum building 456, 24 Oxford St Tel: (617) 384-8381; firstname.lastname@example.org Office hours: Tuesday 2-3
Physical oceanography is the branch of marine science dealing with physical conditions and physical processes in the oceans. It includes four main subject areas: (1) the physical properties of seawater, especially those parameters that influence its density (i.e., temperature and salinity); (2) special properties of seawater (e.g., light, sound, and pressure); (3) energy transfer between the ocean and atmosphere; and (4) water movements in the ocean (e.g., waves, tides, and currents) and the forcing mechanisms responsible for these movements.1
The proximity of landmasses greatly influences coastal physical oceanography. Aside from acting as a barrier to flow, the landmasses are a source of freshwater input via river discharges, land surface runoff, and groundwater influx. Hence, the salinity of nearshore ocean waters can vary considerably, with surface waters exhibiting reduced levels compared with the open ocean, particularly near the mouth of large rivers. River-generated haloclines result in greater stability of the water column, an increase in the sharpness of the thermocline, and an attenuation of vertical mixing. These conditions promote the development of higher temperatures in the surface layer during summer. Another effect of landmasses is to limit current directions such that horizontal flows trend parallel to the coast, which can hinder the transfer of freshwater across the system and lead to greater residence times.1,6
The main platforms used in physical oceanography include satellites, research vessels, submersibles, autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs), towed vehicles, floats and drifters. Satellites have become increasingly important for measuring properties synoptically across the oceans, and generating data in space by making measurements at or near the ocean surface. Research vessels, submersibles, AUVs, towed vehicles, floats and drifters collect oceanographic data at or below the sea surface.
Physical oceanography encompasses four main subject areas: (1) the physical properties of seawater, especially those parameters that influence its density (i.e., temperature and salinity); (2) special properties of seawater (e.g., light, sound, and pressure); (3) energy transfer between the ocean and atmosphere; and (4) water movements in the ocean (e.g., waves, tides, and currents) and the forcing mechanisms responsible for these movements. There is strong coupling between the atmosphere and ocean, with incoming solar radiation and heat transfer from the equator to the poles driving the global heat budget. Wind-driven currents play an important role in the heat transport process, and in the mixing of ocean surface waters. 350c69d7ab